How to keep Guinea Pig as a pet

Guinea pigs are social, and friendly pets that are becoming increasingly popular. They are easy to care for and make great companions for people of all ages. They are low maintenance, easy to care for, and have a lifespan of 5 to 8 years. Like all pets, guinea pigs have specific needs that must be met to keep them healthy and happy.

In this blog post, we will go over the basics of guinea pig care, including their dietary needs, housing, health concerns, exercise, safety and Socialization.


A healthy diet is essential for guinea pigs to maintain good health and prevent obesity. They are herbivores and need a variety of fresh vegetables and hay to provide them with the necessary nutrients. A diet of just pellets and water is not enough and can lead to health problems. Some of the best vegetables to feed your guinea pig include carrots, lettuce, and spinach. Additionally, they should have access to fresh hay, such as timothy hay, at all times to maintain their digestive health.

Housing and Bedding

Guinea pigs need plenty of space to run and play. A cage that is at least 7.5 square feet is the minimum recommended size for one or two guinea pigs. Larger cages are even better, as this will give them plenty of room to move around. The cage should also have a hiding place for your guinea pig to retreat to when they want to be alone. A cardboard box or small igloo-style house is perfect for this.

The bedding should be made of a soft material, such as aspen or recycled paper, and should be changed frequently to maintain a clean and hygienic environment for your guinea pig.

Health Concerns

Guinea pigs are prone to certain health issues, including respiratory infections, mites, and overgrown teeth. It is important to regularly check your guinea pig for any signs of illness, such as sneezing, coughing, or loss of appetite. If you notice any unusual symptoms, take your guinea pig to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Regular nail trimmings and dental check-ups are also important for maintaining your guinea pig’s health.


Guinea pigs love to play and explore, so it’s important to provide them with plenty of opportunities for exercise. You can do this by providing toys, such as balls and tunnels, or by letting your guinea pig out of its cage for a few hours each day to play in a safe, supervised area.


Keep your guinea pig’s environment free of toxic substances and make sure they cannot escape their cage or get caught in any objects. Keep in mind that guinea pigs are prey animals and can be easily scared, so handle them gently and with care.


Guinea pigs are social animals and enjoy the company of their own kind. Consider getting two guinea pigs, as they do well in pairs or small groups.

In conclusion, guinea pigs are wonderful pets that are easy to care for and make great companions. By providing them with a healthy diet, adequate housing, and regular health check-ups, you can help ensure that your guinea pig lives a happy and healthy life. If you’re considering getting a guinea pig, be sure to do your research and ask questions to make sure you are fully prepared for the responsibility.

If you need more information about how to keep guinea pigs, let us know. Your Innova veterinary team are here to help you. Schedule an appointment today to speak to our veterinarian.

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